Use of exercise capacity to improve SCORE risk prediction model in asymptomatic adults

Ariel Israel, Shaye Kivity, Yechezkel Sidi, Shlomo Segev, Anat Berkovitch, Robert Klempfner, Bruno Lavi, Ilan Goldenberg, Elad Maor*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aims The SCORE risk estimation system is used for cardiovascular risk stratification in apparently healthy adults and is based on known cardiovascular risk factors. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate whether exercise capacity can improve the accuracy of the SCORE overall survival risk estimation. Methods and results We investigated 22 878 asymptomatic men and women who were annually screened in a tertiary medical centre. All subjects were free of known ischaemic heart disease, and had completed maximal exercise stress test according to the Bruce protocol. The SCORE risk estimation system was used to evaluate individual cardiovascular risk for all subjects. The primary endpoint was mortality, after exclusion of patients with metastatic cancer during follow-up. The incremental contribution of exercise capacity in predicting the risk of death was evaluated by net reclassification improvement (NRI) and area under the receiver operating curve (AUROC). Mean age of the study population was 47.4 ± 10.3, and 71.6% were men. There were 505 (2.21%) deaths during a mean follow-up of 9.2 ± 4.1 years. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that both SCORE and low exercise capacity were associated with reduced survival. When added to the SCORE risk prediction, exercise capacity allowed more accurate risk stratification: NRI analysis showed an overall improvement of 56.8% in the accuracy of classification and the AUROC increased (0.782 vs. 0.766). Conclusion Both SCORE and exercise capacity are strong independent predictors of all-cause mortality. The addition of exercise capacity to the SCORE risk model can improve the accuracy of the model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2300-2306
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Issue number29
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2016


  • Exercise capacity
  • Exercise stress test
  • Fitness
  • Prevention
  • Risk stratification


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