Use of continuous positive airway pressure (Cpap) to limit diaphragm motion—a novel approach for definitive radiation therapy for inoperable pleural mesothelioma: A pilot study

Assaf Moore, Marc J. Kindler, Aaron Max Allen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a deadly disease and radiotherapy (RT) plays an important role in its management. Recent developments in technique have made it is possible to deliver RT to MPM in the intact lung. However, it is imperative to reduce normal lung doses. We present a pilot study examining the use of CPAP and VMAT radiotherapy to reduce toxicity when treating MPM, involving three consecutive patients with MPM, not amenable to surgery, who were treated according to Helsinki committee approval. Patients were simulated using four-dimentional CT simulation with the assistance of CPAP lung inflation, then were treated using both IMRT and VMAT techniques. Radiation lung dose was optimized based on accepted lung dose constraints. Patients were followed for toxicity as well as local control and survival. Results: Three patients were treated with CPAP-based IMRT treatment. These patients tolerated the treatment and DVH constraints were able to be met. The comparison plans among the four VMAT arcs and the IMRT static field treatment were able to accomplish the treatment planning objectives without significant advantages with either technique. The treatment combined with CPAP reduced the normal lung dose in MPM patients with intact lungs. This technique is worthy of further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number711
JournalBiology
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Mesothelioma
  • Radiotherapy
  • VMAT

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