Use of antimetabolites in the reconstruction of severe anophthalmic socket contraction

Ayelet Priel, Sang Rog Oh, Katherine M. Whipple, Bobby S. Korn, Don O. Kikkawa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


PURPOSE:: The use of antimetabolites is well established in ophthalmology with expanded uses still being defined. We describe our experience of antimetabolite use in the reconstruction of severe anophthalmic socket contraction. Methods:: Nonrandomized, retrospective case series. The medical records and clinical photographs of 5 patients with severe socket contraction were reviewed. Either 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) (50 mg/ml) or Mitomycin C (MMC) (0.4 mg/ml) was used during the course of the surgery via direct injection into the operative bed in the area of scarring. In addition, in 3 cases, 5-FU was also applied after surgery, in the clinic setting. Variables examined included: number of previous socket operations; preoperative ability to retain a prosthesis; type of socket reconstruction; type, amount, and location of antimetabolite injected; number of postoperative injections; average follow-up; and the postoperative ability to retain a prosthesis. Results:: All 5 patients had multiple operations previously. After surgery, all 5 were able to retain an ocular prosthesis. We did not observe any delay in wound healing, implant exposure, or extrusion, and no significant side effects were noted. CONCLUSION:: The use of adjunct antimetabolite in severe anophthalmic socket reconstruction is an effective option that is well tolerated with minimal side effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-412
Number of pages4
JournalOphthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes


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