Urgent laparotomy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer presenting as an acute abdomen: A retrospective analysis

Sami Gendler*, Hila Shmilovich, David Aranovich, Roy Nadler, Hanoch Kashtan, Michael Stein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Unlike the elective treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC), sufficient data and consensual guidelines on acute care are lacking. Objectives: To analyze a cohort of MCRC patients who required urgent surgery due to acute abdomen and to identify risk factors contributing to the patient’s perioperative mortality and morbidity. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of patients diagnosed with stage IV colorectal cancer who required urgent laparotomy at the Rabin Medical Center. Comparative analysis was performed using Pearson’s chi-square and Student's t-test. Results: Between 2010 and 2015, 113 patients underwent urgent laparotomy due to colorectal cancer complications, of which 62 patients were found to have a metastatic, stage IV, disease. Large bowel obstruction was the most common indication for urgent laparotomy. In-hospital mortality was 30% (n=19), and overall 30 day mortality was 43%. Fifteen patients (24%) required more than one surgery. The average length of hospital stay was 21 days. Age and lactate levels at presentation were the only prognostic factor found for mortality (P < 0.05). Conclusions: MCRC laparotomy patients incur a significant burden of care and have a relatively high incidence of early mortality. Our data suggest high, verging on unacceptable, mortality and complication rates in this subgroup of patients. This finding is further accentuated in the subgroup of older patients presenting with lactatemia. These data should be considered by surgeons when discussing treatment options with patients and families.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-622
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume20
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Acute abdomen
  • Colorectal surgery
  • Laparotomy
  • Metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC)
  • Palliative surgery

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