Ureteral Stent Colonization and Urinary Tract Infection in Children Undergoing Minimally Invasive Pyeloplasty

Amos Neheman*, Itay M. Sabler, Ilia Beberashvili, Galina Goltsman, Guy Verchovsky, Eyal Kord, Orit Yossepowitch, Amnon Zisman, Kobi Stav

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction  Minimally invasive pyeloplasty (MIP), namely, laparoscopic and robot-assisted interventions, has gained popularity in recent years. Double-J ureteral stents are frequently inserted during surgery. Foreign bodies in the urinary tract are considered as risk factor for developing urinary tract infection (UTI). This study aimed to specify the bacteria cultured from urine and stents responsible for UTI in children with indwelling ureteral stents undergoing MIP. Patients and Methods  We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 30 children (22 boys and 8 girls) who had undergone MIP between 2014 and 2017. Median age at surgery was 2.7 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 0.5-7.9). Urine cultures were obtained before surgery, before stent removal, 1 month after stent removal, and if UTI was suspected. Stents were removed 4 to 8 weeks after surgery and cultured. Patients' demographics, types of stents, and surgical details were recorded. Results  Median stent indwelling time was 5.09 weeks (IQR: 4-6). Postoperative febrile UTI developed in 4/30 (13%) patients. Afebrile UTI occurred in another 4/30 (13%) patients. Stent cultures were positive in 19/30 (63%) patients. Stent and urinary cultures were identical in only one patient. Three of four patients with preoperative asymptomatic bacteriuria developed postoperative UTI. There was no association between UTI, gender, stent diameter, and duration of indwelling catheter. Conclusion  After MIP, febrile UTI and afebrile UTI occurred in about one quarter of patients. Pathogens isolated postsurgically from urinary cultures were unrelated to those colonizing the stents. Therefore, routine stent culturing is of low clinical significance. Moreover, small-caliber stents and longer indwelling periods were not risk factors for UTI. Optimizing antibiotic treatment for children with preoperative UTI may potentially prevent morbidity after surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-52
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • pediatric urologic
  • robotic pyeloplasty
  • stent colonization
  • urinary tract infection

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