Updates on Clinical Trials in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Amir Sharabi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Because of the complexity of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), different approaches are undertaken while investigating potential therapeutic compounds to treat the disease. The purpose of this review is to summarize the results from recent clinical trials, which investigated different compounds for treating SLE. Recent Findings: Targeting B cells and type I interferons constitutes the major focus in recent clinical trials. The potential for therapeutic effects of small molecule inhibition such as JAK, Tyk, and Btk is now being investigated for treating SLE. The immunoregulation of T cell activation in SLE is studied using low-dose IL-2 and CD40 ligand inhibition. There are clinical trials that study bispecific antibodies, with binding specificities for 2 different target molecules related to T- and B-cell activation or to different aspects of B cell activation. An approach of combination treatment is also being studied. Summary: Clinical trials are underway and new treatment compounds for SLE are being anticipated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number57
JournalCurrent Rheumatology Reports
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Clinical trials
  • Immunosuppression
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  • Treatment

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