Update on JAK2 inhibitors in myeloproliferative neoplasm

Daniel Chan, Maya Koren Michowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Since the discovery of mutant Janus Kinase 2 (JAK2), JAK2V617F, in a major proportion of myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) patients, there has been a flurry of activity in the development of JAK2 inhibitors. Pan-JAK, predominantly JAK2 and off-target JAK2 inhibitors have been developed in the short span of the past 5 years. These compounds have since been tested to varying success in both in vitro and in vivo settings with several proceeding on to advanced clinical trials. Although it was hoped that these inhibitors would be the silver bullet in the manner than imatinib was to chronic myeloid leukemia, it is becoming apparent that this is not the case for various reasons, chief of which is that a significant reduction of the underlying pathogenic clone is not achieved. In fact, the very notion that the target of JAK2 inhibitors (be it pan-JAK or JAK2 specific) is the mutant JAK2V617F is being challenged with findings from several clinical trials showing a poor correlation between the reduction in JAK2V617F mutant allele burden and clinical response. In view of this, it is not surprising that several groups are now investigating combinations of JAK2 inhibitors and other agents in MPN. Although much knowledge has been added in this short span of time, it is apparent that our understanding of the role of JAK2 inhibitors in the treatment scheme of MPN is only beginning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-71
Number of pages11
JournalTherapeutic Advances in Hematology
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • JAK2 inhibitors
  • JAK2V617F
  • myeloproliferative neoplasm

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