Untoward effects of gas masks during Persian Gulf war

David Huminer, Silvio D. Pitlik, Abraham Katz, Aryeh Metzker, Michael David, Ari Zimran, Yaakov J. Ashkenazi, Daniel A. Vardy, Zehava Laver, Zichria Zakai-Rones, Sidney N. Klaus, Jeffrey Borkan, Shmuel Reis

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

5 Scopus citations


To the Editor: During the recent Persian Gulf war, there were 18 missile attacks from western Iraq on scattered areas in Israel. The fear of chemical warheads resulted in the preventive use of gas masks by the Israeli population for variable periods after each alarm. We would like to report some of the medical complications that were associated with the wearing of gas masks. Seven people were reported to have died of asphyxia because of their failure to remove the protective plastic seal on the gas-mask filter. Lesser degrees of transient hypoxia were noted, especially in persons with cardiopulmonary disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)582-583
Number of pages2
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Issue number8
StatePublished - 22 Aug 1991
Externally publishedYes


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