Uninephrectomy aggravates tubulointerstitial injury in rats with Adriamycin nephrosis

A. Chagnac, A. Korzets, M. Ben-Bassat, D. Zevin, J. Hirsh, J. Meckler, J. Levi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effects of uninephrectomy on the function and structure of the remnant kidney were assessed in rats with Adriamycin-induced nephrosis, 12 weeks after the injection of Adriamycin. The kidney volume of Adriamycin-treated uninephrectornized rats (NX-AD) was 2.3 times that of sham-operated, Adriamycin-treated animals (SH-AD; p < 0.001). The marked renal enlargement in NX-AD animals was due to the development of large tubular cysts. Following uninephrectomy, the fractional volume of tubular lumen almost doubled (NX-AD, 0.33 ± 0.02; SH-AD, 0.17 ± 0.02; p < 0.001) and the absolute volume of tubular lumen increased more than fourfold (NX-AD, 0.51 ± 0.08 ml; SH-AD, 0.12 ± 0.02 ml; p < 0.001). The frequency of tubular lumen with a large cross-sectional area (≥ 40,000 μm2) was 5.8 ± 1.1% in NX-AD and 0.7 ± 0.2% in SH-AD groups (p < 0.001). The fractional volume of interstitial fibrosis in NX-AD animals was larger than in SH-AD (0.09 ± 0.02 versus 0.04 ± 0.01%, p < 0.05). As opposed to the worsening of tubulointerstitial disease, single-kidney glomerular filtration rate, fractional protein clearance, glomerular volume and the extent of glomerular sclerosis did not differ significantly in NX-AD as compared to SH-AD groups. This study shows that uninephrectomy in rats with Adriamycin nephrosis worsens interstitial nephrosis and aggravates the formation of tubular cysts, leading to a macrocystic kidney disease. These changes are not associated with an increase in glomerular sclerosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-180
Number of pages5
JournalNephron
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adriamycin nephrosis
  • Interstitial fibrosis
  • Morphometry
  • Tubular cysts
  • Uninephrectomy

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