BACKGROUND: To evaluate chorda tympani nerve function as measured by unilateral increases of gustatory thresholds in the presence of ipsi-lateral acute otitis media. METHODS: Prospective clinical study comparing electrogustometric measurements was conducted to evaluate the taste thresholds of each side of the tongue in a patient during an acute episode of unilateral acute otitis media. Included were patients aged 12-40 who presented to the emergency department and outpatient ear, nose, and throat clinic of a university-affiliate tertiary medical center with unilateral acute otitis media between January 2019 and January 2020 and consented to the study. RESULTS: Eleven patients were initially recruited into the study, and 10 patients aged (mean ± standard deviation) 26.1 ± 11.2 years comprised the final study group. Taste thresholds were significantly elevated on the side ipsilateral to the ear affected by acute otitis media (P <.05). CONCLUSION: Chorda tympani nerve conductance is impaired during the acute stage of acute otitis media. This may have implications in the understanding of peripheral neural properties during acute middle ear inflammatory conditions and on the diagnosis of acute otitis media.
- Chorda tympani
- acute otitis media