Unemployment risk and income change after testicular cancer diagnosis: A population-based study

Yakir Rottenberg*, Navah Z. Ratzon, Jeremy M. Jacobs, Miraim Cohen, Tamar Peretz, Angela G.E.M. de Boer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Among patients with cancer, returning to full working may serve as an indicator for return to normal lifestyle following illness, as opposed to unemployment or shifting to part-time work. The aim of the project was to clarify the association between unemployment risk and decreased income at 4 years after the diagnosis of testicular cancer (TC). Participants and methods: A case control in a cohort study includes baseline measurement of people participating in the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics 1995 National Census, and follow-up until 2011. Cancer incidence, employment status, and income level were ascertained through the Israel Cancer Registry and Tax Authority, respectively. A matched group was sampled from the population in the census. Binary logistic regression analyses were used to assess odds ratios (ORs) for study's outcomes, while controlling for age, ethnicity, education, and socioeconomic and employment status at 2 years before diagnosis. Results: A total of 113 cases of TC and 468 persons in the matched group were included in the study after excluding persons who died during the study period. No association was found between TC and subsequent risk after the 4 years of unemployment (OR = 1.12, 95% CI: 0.65-1.95) or decreased income (OR = 1.41, 95% CI: 0.84-2.36). Predictors of subsequent unemployment were unemployment 2 years before diagnosis (OR = 6.91, 95% CI: 4.39-10.86) and increasing age (OR = 1.03 per year, 95% CI: 1.01-1.06). Conclusion: TC survivorship is not associated with subsequent unemployment or decreased income at 4 years after diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5.e27-5.e33
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016


FundersFunder number
Cost ActionCANWON IS1211
Israel National Insurance Institute


    • Population-based study
    • Survivors
    • Testicular cancer
    • Unemployment


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