The chemical compositions and structures of organic - inorganic interfaces in mesostructurally ordered conjugated polymer-titania nanocomposites are shown to have a predominant influence on their photovoltaic properties. Such interfaces can be controlled by using surfactant structure-directing agents (SDAs) with different architectures and molecular weights to promote contact between the highly hydrophobic electron-donating conjugated polymer species and hydrophilic electron-accepting titania frameworks. A combination of small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), sc nning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM, TEM), and solid-state NMR spectroscopy yields insights on the compositions, structures, and distributions of inorganic and organic species within the materials over multiple length scales. Two-dimensional NMR analyses establish the molecular-level interactions between the different SDA blocks, the conjugated polymer, and the titania framework, which are correlated with steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence measurements of the photoexcitation dynamics of the conjugated polymer and macroscopic photocurrent generation in photovoltaic devices. Molecular understanding of the compositions and chemical interactions at organic - inorganic interfaces are shown to enable the design, synthesis, and control of the photovoltaic properties of hybrid functional materials.