'Underground' Money in an Outremer Estate: Token Molds and Lead Tokens from Crusader Arsur.

Robert Kool, Oren Tal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper discusses token molds and lead tokens retrieved during controlled archaeological excavations at the site of Arsur (Apollonia-Arsūf) during excavations over the past two decades. It promulgates the idea that locally struck unofficial lead money formed an integral part of the 'cash' used by Frankish settlers in the lordship of Arsur, like in many of the cities, towns and rural estates in the Latin East during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-228
Number of pages14
JournalIsrael Numismatic Research
Volume10
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • ISRAEL
  • COINAGE
  • MOLDS (Casts & casting)
  • ARCHAEOLOGICAL excavations

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