Unclonable Polymers and Their Cryptographic Applications

Ghada Almashaqbeh, Ran Canetti, Yaniv Erlich, Jonathan Gershoni, Tal Malkin, Itsik Pe’er, Anna Roitburd-Berman, Eran Tromer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

We propose a mechanism for generating and manipulating protein polymers to obtain a new type of consumable storage that exhibits intriguing cryptographic “self-destruct” properties, assuming the hardness of certain polymer-sequencing problems. To demonstrate the cryptographic potential of this technology, we first develop a formalism that captures (in a minimalistic way) the functionality and security properties provided by the technology. Next, using this technology, we construct and prove security of two cryptographic applications that are currently obtainable only via trusted hardware that implements logical circuitry (either classical or quantum). The first application is a password-controlled secure vault where the stored data is irrecoverably erased once a threshold of unsuccessful access attempts is reached. The second is (a somewhat relaxed version of) one time programs, namely a device that allows evaluating a secret function only a limited number of times before self-destructing, where each evaluation is made on a fresh user-chosen input. Finally, while our constructions, modeling, and analysis are designed to capture the proposed polymer-based technology, they are sufficiently general to be of potential independent interest.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2022 - 41st Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, 2022, Proceedings
EditorsOrr Dunkelman, Stefan Dziembowski
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages759-789
Number of pages31
ISBN (Print)9783031069437
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Event41st Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, EUROCRYPT 2022 - Trondheim, Norway
Duration: 30 May 20223 Jun 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume13275 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference41st Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, EUROCRYPT 2022
Country/TerritoryNorway
CityTrondheim
Period30/05/223/06/22

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Unclonable Polymers and Their Cryptographic Applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this