Ultrasonography findings and physical examination outcomes in dancers with and without patellofemoral pain

Itzhak Siev-Ner, Myriam D. Stern, Shay Tenenbaum, Alexander Blankstein, Aviva Zeev, Nili Steinberg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To identify whether a physical examination for patello-femoral pain (PFP) is related to ultrasonography findings at the knee, and to identify possible factors related to PFP in young dancers. Methods: Sixty-seven young female dancers (7th grade, aged 12.8 ± 0.5) from three schools with identical special dance programs were included in the study. All the dancers were interviewed for demographic details, dance background, and training intensity; were evaluated for anthropometric measurements; underwent physical examination of both knees for PFP and for knee range of motion (ROM); and, had ultrasonography assessment for pathologies and of anatomical parts of their knees. Results: PFP was found in 54.5% of the 134 knees physically examined. In ultrasonography assessment, infra-articular effusion was found in 46.2% of the knees examined. H/week of dance practice was significantly higher among dancers with PFP (in both knees) compared with dancers with no PFP (p <.05). Knees with PFP had a significantly higher prevalence of intra articular effusion (p =.018) and higher prevalence of genu-recurvatum (p =.042). Knees with PFP had significantly greater growth plate width-anterior tibial tuberosity (p =.022) and a greater bony trochlear groove angle (p =.048). Conclusion: This study describes the relationship between physical examination for PFP and the sonographic findings, and the factors related to knee injuries. The results showed a high prevalence of PFP and intra articular knee effusion among young dancers at the age of 12–13 years; and, that the number of hours of practice and anatomical structure are related to PFP. Our results should alert physicians, physiotherapists, athletic trainers and dance teachers to the need for devising modifications of training and injury prevention strategies from a young age (<12 years old).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-55
Number of pages8
JournalPhysician and Sportsmedicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2018


FundersFunder number
Pais Committee for Art and Culture, Israel


    • Dance
    • PFP
    • injuries
    • knee joint
    • ultrasonography


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