UltraSOFAST HMQC NMR and the repetitive acquisition of 2D protein spectra at Hz rates

Maayan Gal, Paul Schanda, Bernhard Brutscher, Lucio Frydman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Following unidirectional biophysical events such as the folding of proteins or the equilibration of binding interactions, requires experimental methods that yield information at both atomic-level resolution and at high repetition rates. Toward this end a number of different approaches enabling the rapid acquisition of 2D NMR spectra have been recently introduced, including spatially encoded "ultrafast" 2D NMR spectroscopy and SOFAST HMQC NMR. Whereas the former accelerates acquisitions by reducing the number of scans that are necessary for completing arbitrary 2D NMR experiments, the latter operates by reducing the delay between consecutive scans while preserving sensitivity. Given the complementarities between these two approaches it seems natural to combine them into a single tool, enabling the acquisition of full 2D protein NMR spectra at high repetition rates. We demonstrate here this capability with the introduction of "ultraSOFAST" HMQC NMR, a spatially encoded and relaxation-optimized approach that can provide 2D protein correlation spectra at ∼1 s repetition rates for samples in the ∼2 mM concentration range. The principles, relative advantages, and current limitations of this new approach are discussed, and its application is exemplified with a study of the fast hydrogen-deuterium exchange characterizing amide sites in Ubiquitin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1372-1377
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number5
StatePublished - 7 Feb 2007
Externally publishedYes


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