Ultrasensitive Electrochemical Impedance Detection of Mycoplasma agalactiae DNA by Low-Cost and Disposable Au-Decorated NiO Nanowall Electrodes

Mario Urso, Serena Tumino, Elena Bruno, Salvo Bordonaro, Donata Marletta, Guido Ruggero Loria, Adi Avni, Yosi Shacham-Diamand, Francesco Priolo, Salvo Mirabella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nanostructured electrodes detecting bacteria or viruses through DNA hybridization represent a promising method, which may be useful in on-field applications where PCR-based methods are very expensive, time-consuming, and require trained personnel. Indeed, electrochemical sensors combine disposability, fast response, high sensitivity, and portability. Here, a low-cost and high-surface-area electrode, based on Au-decorated NiO nanowalls, demonstrates a highly sensitive PCR-free detection of a real sample of Mycoplasma agalactiae (Ma) DNA. NiO nanowalls, synthesized by aqueous methods, thermal annealing, and Au decoration, by electroless deposition, ensure a high-surface-area platform for successful immobilization of Ma thiolated probe DNA. The morphological, chemical, and electrochemical properties of the electrode were characterized, and a reproducible detection of synthetic Ma DNA was observed and investigated by impedance measurements. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) ascribed the origin of impedance signal to the Ma DNA hybridization with its probe immobilized onto the electrode. The electrode successfully discriminates between DNA extracted from healthy and infected sheep milk, showing the ability to detect Ma DNA in concentrations as low as 53 ± 2 copy number μL-1. The Au-decorated NiO nanowall electrode represents a promising route toward PCR-free, disposable, rapid, and molecular detection.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • DNA sensor
  • Mycoplasma agalactiae
  • PCR-free
  • contagious agalactia
  • electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • gold nanoparticles
  • label-free
  • nickel oxide

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