Ultrafine particle content in exhaled breath condensate in airways of asthmatic children

Shira Benor, Yfat Alcalay, Keren Armoni Domany, Guy Gut, Ruth Soferman, Shmuel Kivity, Elizabeth Fireman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Air pollution triggers and exacerbates airway inflammation. Particulate material (PM) in ambient is characterized as being coarse (PM 10, aerodynamic diameter range 2.5-10 m), fine (PM 2.5, 2.5-0.1 m) and ultrafine (UFP, nano-sized, <0.1 m). It is known that smaller inhaled PM produced more inflammation than larger ones. Most data on human exposure to PM are based on environmental monitoring. We evaluated the effect of individual exposure to UFP on functional respiratory parameters and airway inflammation in 52 children aged 6-18 years referred to the Pulmonary and Allergic Diseases Laboratory due to respiratory symptoms. Spirometry, bronchial provocation challenge, induced sputum (IS), exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and franctional exhaled nitric oxide evaluations were performed by conventional methods. UFP content in EBC was analyzed by using a NanoSight Light Microscope LM20. The total EBC UFP content correlated with wheezing (r = 0.28, p = 0.04), breath symptom score (r = 0.3, p = 0.03), and sputum eosinophilia (R = 0.64, p = 0.005). The percent of EBC particles in the nano-sized range also correlated with wheezing (r = 0.36, p = 0.007), breath symptom score (r = 0.33, p ≤ 0.02), and sputum eosinophilia (r = 0.72, p = 0.001). Respiratory symptoms and airway inflammation positively correlated to UFP content in EBC of symptomatic children.

Original languageEnglish
Article number026001
JournalJournal of Breath Research
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2015

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