TY - JOUR

T1 - Ultracold bosons with 3-body attractive interactions in an optical lattice

AU - Fersino, E.

AU - Malomed, B. A.

AU - Mussardo, G.

AU - Trombettoni, A.

PY - 2009/4

Y1 - 2009/4

N2 - We study the effect of an optical lattice (OL) on the ground-state properties of one-dimensional ultracold bosons with three-body attractive interactions and two-body repulsive interactions, which are described by a cubic-quintic Gross-Pitaevskii equation with a periodic potential. Without the optical lattice and with a vanishing two-body interaction term, normalizable soliton solutions of the Townes type are possible only at a critical value of the interaction strength, at which an infinite degeneracy of the ground state occurs; a repulsive two-body interaction makes such localized solutions unstable. We show that the OL opens a stability window around the critical point when the strength of the periodic potential is above a critical threshold. We also consider the effect of an external parabolic trap, studying how the stability properties depend on the matching between minima of the periodic potential and the minimum of the parabolic trap.

AB - We study the effect of an optical lattice (OL) on the ground-state properties of one-dimensional ultracold bosons with three-body attractive interactions and two-body repulsive interactions, which are described by a cubic-quintic Gross-Pitaevskii equation with a periodic potential. Without the optical lattice and with a vanishing two-body interaction term, normalizable soliton solutions of the Townes type are possible only at a critical value of the interaction strength, at which an infinite degeneracy of the ground state occurs; a repulsive two-body interaction makes such localized solutions unstable. We show that the OL opens a stability window around the critical point when the strength of the periodic potential is above a critical threshold. We also consider the effect of an external parabolic trap, studying how the stability properties depend on the matching between minima of the periodic potential and the minimum of the parabolic trap.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67649574099&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1140/epjb/e2009-00055-1

DO - 10.1140/epjb/e2009-00055-1

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AN - SCOPUS:67649574099

SN - 1434-6028

VL - 68

SP - 417

EP - 426

JO - European Physical Journal B

JF - European Physical Journal B

IS - 3

ER -