Ultracold bosons with 3-body attractive interactions in an optical lattice

E. Fersino, B. A. Malomed, G. Mussardo, A. Trombettoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We study the effect of an optical lattice (OL) on the ground-state properties of one-dimensional ultracold bosons with three-body attractive interactions and two-body repulsive interactions, which are described by a cubic-quintic Gross-Pitaevskii equation with a periodic potential. Without the optical lattice and with a vanishing two-body interaction term, normalizable soliton solutions of the Townes type are possible only at a critical value of the interaction strength, at which an infinite degeneracy of the ground state occurs; a repulsive two-body interaction makes such localized solutions unstable. We show that the OL opens a stability window around the critical point when the strength of the periodic potential is above a critical threshold. We also consider the effect of an external parabolic trap, studying how the stability properties depend on the matching between minima of the periodic potential and the minimum of the parabolic trap.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-426
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Physical Journal B
Volume68
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2009

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