Type-Ia supernova rates to redshift 2.4 from clash: The cluster lensing and supernova survey with Hubble

O. Graur, S. A. Rodney, D. Maoz, A. G. Riess, S. W. Jha, M. Postman, T. Dahlen, T. W.S. Holoien, C. McCully, B. Patel, L. G. Strolger, N. Benítez, D. Coe, S. Jouvel, E. Medezinski, A. Molino, M. Nonino, L. Bradley, A. Koekemoer, I. BalestraS. B. Cenko, K. I. Clubb, M. E. Dickinson, A. V. Filippenko, T. F. Frederiksen, P. Garnavich, J. Hjorth, D. O. Jones, B. Leibundgut, T. Matheson, B. Mobasher, P. Rosati, J. M. Silverman, V. U, K. Jedruszczuk, C. Li, K. Lin, M. Mirmelstein, J. Neustadt, A. Ovadia, E. H. Rogers

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133 Scopus citations


We present the supernova (SN) sample and Type-Ia SN (SN Ia) rates from the Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble (CLASH). Using the Advanced Camera for Surveys and the Wide Field Camera 3 on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), we have imaged 25 galaxy-cluster fields and parallel fields of non-cluster galaxies. We report a sample of 27 SNe discovered in the parallel fields. Of these SNe,13 are classified as SN Ia candidates, including four SN Ia candidates at redshifts z > 1.2. We measure volumetric SN Ia rates to redshift 1.8 and add the first upper limit on the SN Ia rate in the range 1.8 < z < 2.4. The results are consistent with the rates measured by the HST/GOODS and Subaru Deep Field SN surveys. We model these results together with previous measurements at z < 1 from the literature. The best-fitting SN Ia delay-time distribution (DTD; the distribution of times that elapse between a short burst of star formation and subsequent SN Ia explosions) is a power law with an index of , where the statistical uncertainty is a result of the 68% and 95% (in parentheses) statistical uncertainties reported for the various SN Ia rates (from this work and from the literature), and the systematic uncertainty reflects the range of possible cosmic star-formation histories. We also test DTD models produced by an assortment of published binary population synthesis (BPS) simulations. The shapes of all BPS double-degenerate DTDs are consistent with the volumetric SN Ia measurements, when the DTD models are scaled up by factors of 3-9. In contrast, all BPS single-degenerate DTDs are ruled out by the measurements at >99% significance level.

Original languageEnglish
Article number28
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2014


FundersFunder number
National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationHST-GO-12060, HST-GO-12099
National Science FoundationAST-0847157
Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences1211916, 9987045, 0847157
Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences


    • supernovae: general
    • surveys
    • white dwarfs


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