Two terms in Ezra

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It is suggested that trply originates from trmly' 'Lycians', which is recorded in official Aramaic at the end of the Achaemenid period. Trmly → trply underwent two phonological shifts. The historical problem arising from the suggested identification is addressed. 'ptm is recorded as apputumu (or apputammu) in two Late-Babylonian deeds from 503-502 BCE about the baker's prebend of the Borsippan temple in Babylonia. Although the Old-Iranian source of this term cannot be identified so far, there is no need to emend the OT form to 'pts, and 'ptm is a substantive rather than an adverb.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-261
Number of pages7
JournalAramaic Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2007


  • Biblical aramaic
  • Lycians
  • Old-Iranian loanwords


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