Two patterns of bulbar neuronal response to microstimulation of locomotor and inhibitory brain stem sites

V. A. Selionov, M. L. Shik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Synaptic responses (postsynaptic potentials and action potentials) were evoked in mesencephalic decerebellated cats by stimulating pontine bulbar locomotor and inhibitory sites (LS and IS, respectively) with a current of not more than 20 μA in "medial" and "lateral" neurons of the medulla. Some neurons even produced a response to presentation of single (actually low - 2-5 Hz - frequency) stimuli. The remaining cells responded to stimulation at a steady rate of 30-60 Hz only. Both groups of medial neurons were more receptive to input from LS. Lateral neurons responding to even single stimuli reacted more commonly to input from LS and those responding to steady stimulation only to input from IS. Many neurons with background activity (whether lateral or medial) produced no stimulus-bound response, but rhythmic stimulation either intensified or inhibited such activity. This response occurs most commonly with LS stimulation. Partial redistribution of target neurons in step with increasing rate of presynaptic input may play a major part in control of motor activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-212
Number of pages8
JournalNeurophysiology
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1990

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