Two Neoclassical Monuments in Modern France: The Panthéon and Arc de Triomphe

Avner Ben-Amos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The Panthéon and Arc de Triomphe are two neoclassical Parisian monuments that were created in the second half of the eighteenth century and the first half of the nineteenth century, respectively, and which have ever since been main sites of French official memory. However, they never had the same share of the stage: when one was prominent, the other was marginal, and vice versa. This chapter delineates the parallel histories of these monuments and analyses the relationship between them, from the French Revolution to the Fifth Republic. Although they are usually ascribed to different political camps - the Pantheon to the left and the Arc de Triomphe to the right - a close reading of the context of various commemorative acts that were performed inside and around these monuments shows that their identity was more complex.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCultures of Commemoration
Subtitle of host publicationWar Memorials, Ancient and Modern
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780191753985
ISBN (Print)9780197264669
StatePublished - 31 Jan 2013


  • Arc de Triomphe
  • Commemorative rituals
  • French Revolution
  • Panthéon
  • Paris
  • State ceremonies


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