Two-dimensional modulation transfer function: A new perspective

Emanuel Marom, Benjamin Milgrom, Naim Konforti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


One-dimensional templates, such as the U.S. Air Force resolution target or the circular spoke target, are commonly used for the characterization of imaging systems via the modulation transfer function response. It is shown in this paper that one needs a new family of templates for a true characterization of imaging systems that acquire two-dimensional (2D) high-density images or handle 2D information, such as 2D bar code detection and identification. The contrast provided by the newly defined 2D templates is the "true" contrast of the acquired image that the electronic processors are challenged with.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6749-6755
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number35
StatePublished - 10 Dec 2010


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