Two-dimensional Airy waves and three-wave solitons in quadratic media

Unchittha Prasatsap, Thawatchai Mayteevarunyoo*, Boris A. Malomed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We address the dynamics of two-dimensional (2D) truncated Airy waves (TAWs) and three-component solitons in the system of two fundamental-frequency (FF) and second-harmonic (SH) fields, coupled by quadratic ( χ(2) ) terms. The system models second-harmonic-generating optical media and atomic-molecular mixtures in Bose-Einstein condensates. In addition to stable solitons, the system maintains truncated-Airy-waves states in either one of the FF components, represented by exact solutions, which are stable, unlike the Airy waves in the degenerate (two-component) χ(2) system. It is also possible to imprint vorticity onto the 2D Airy modes. By means of systematic simulations, we examine interactions between TAWs originally carried by different FF components, which are bending in opposite directions, through the SH field. The interaction leads to fusion of the input into a pair of narrow solitons. This is opposed to what happens in the 1D system, where the interacting Aity waves split into a large number of solitons. The interaction of truncated Aity waves carrying identical imprinted vorticities creates an additional pair of solitons, while opposite vorticities create a set of small-amplitude 'debris' in the output. Slowly moving solitons colliding with a heavy TAW bounce back, faster ones are absorbed by it, and collisions are quasi-elastic for fast solitons. Soliton-soliton collisions lead to merger into a single mode, or elastic passage, for lower and higher velocities, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number055501
JournalJournal of Optics (United Kingdom)
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022


  • Airy waves
  • quadratic nonlinearities
  • second-harmonic generation
  • spatial solitons


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