Chlorinated hydrocarbons are well known to produce ventricular arrhythmias because of myocardial sensitization to endogenous catecholamines, but cases of myocardial ischemia have not been described frequently. We report 2 cases of myocardial ischemia after exposure to chlorinated hydrocarbons. The first patient developed an asymptomatic myocardial infarction after inhalation of 1,1,1-trichloroethane at work. It is believed that 1,1,1-trichloroethane produced a coronary spasm that was sufficient to cause myocardial necrosis in the presence of coronary vessels already compromised by atherosclerosis. The second patient developed a reversible symptomatic myocardial ischemia of 4 h duration after chloral hydrate overdose. The evolution in both patients was favorable. Exposure to chlorinated hydrocarbons can be associated with myocardial ischemia particularly if the coronary circulation is already compromised.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Veterinary and Human Toxicology|
|State||Published - 1997|