Truthful unsplittable flow for large capacity networks

Yossi Azar*, Iftah Gamzu, Shai Gutner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The unsplittable flow problem is one of the most extensively studied optimization problems in the field of networking. An instance of it consists of an edge capacitated graph and a set of connection requests, each of which is associated with source and target vertices, a demand, and a value. The objective is to route a maximum value subset of requests subject to the edge capacities. It is a well known fact that as the capacities of the edges are larger with respect to the maximal demand among the requests, the problem can be approximated better. In particular, it is known that for sufficiently large capacities, the integrality gap of the corresponding integer linear program becomes 1+, which can be matched by an algorithm that utilizes the randomized rounding technique. In this paper, we focus our attention on the large capacities unsplittable flow problem in a game theoretic setting. In this setting, there are selfish agents, which control some of the requests characteristics, and may be dishonest about them. It is worth noting that in game theoretic settings many standard techniques, such as randomized rounding, violate certain monotonicity properties, which are imperative for truthfulness, and therefore cannot be employed. In light of this state of affairs, we design a monotone deterministic algorithm, which is based on a primal-dual machinery, which attains an approximation ratio of <over>-1, up to a disparity of away. This implies an improvement on the current best truthful mechanism, as well as an improvement on the current best combinatorial algorithm for the problem under consideration. Surprisingly, we demonstrate that any algorithm in the family of reasonable iterative path minimizing algorithms, cannot yield a better approximation ratio. Consequently, it follows that in order to achieve a monotone PTAS, if exists, one would have to exert different techniques. We also consider the large capacities single-minded multi-unit combinatorial auction problem. This problem is closely related to the unsplittable flow problem since one can formulate it as a special case of the integer linear program of the unsplittable flow problem. Accordingly, we obtain a comparable performance guarantee by refining the algorithm suggested for the unsplittable flow problem.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSPAA'07
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Symposium on Parallelism in Algorithms and Architectures
Pages320-329
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
EventSPAA'07: 19th Annual Symposium on Parallelism in Algorithms and Architectures - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 9 Jun 200711 Jun 2007

Publication series

NameAnnual ACM Symposium on Parallelism in Algorithms and Architectures

Conference

ConferenceSPAA'07: 19th Annual Symposium on Parallelism in Algorithms and Architectures
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period9/06/0711/06/07

Keywords

  • Approximation algorithms
  • Combinatorial and multi-unit auctions
  • Mechanism design
  • Primal-dual method

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