Tricuspid regurgitation following lead extraction: Risk factors and clinical course

Amir Givon, Natalia Vedernikova, David Luria, Ori Vatury, Rafael Kuperstein, Micha S. Feinberg, Michael Eldar, Michael Glikson, Eyal Nof

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Transvenous lead extraction can lead to tricuspid valve damage. Objectives: To assess the incidence, risk factors and clinical outcome of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) following lead extraction. Methods: We prospectively collected data on patients who underwent lead extraction at the Sheba Medical Center prior to laser use (i.e., before 2012). Echocardiography results before and following the procedure were used to confirm TR worsening, defined as an echocardiographic increase of at least one TR grade. Various clinical and echocardiographic parameters were analyzed as risk factors for TR. Clinical and echocardiographic follow-up was conducted to assess the clinical significance outcome of extraction-induced TR. Results: Of 152 patients who underwent lead extraction without laser before 2012, 86 (56%) (192 electrodes) had echocardiography results before and within one week following the procedure. New or worsening TR was discovered in 13 patients (15%). Use of mechanical tools and younger age at extraction were found on multivariate analysis to be factors for TR development (P = 0.04 and P = 0.03 respectively). Average follow-up was 22.25 ± 21.34 months (range 8–93). There were no significant differences in the incidence of right-sided heart failure (50% vs. 23%, P = 0.192) or hospitalizations due to heart failure exacerbations (37.5% vs. 11%, P = 0.110). No patient required tricuspid valve repair or replacement. Death rates were similar in the TR and non-TR groups (20% vs. 33%). Conclusions: TR following lead extraction is not uncommon but does not seem to affect survival or outcomes such as need for valve surgery. Its long-term effects remain to be determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-22
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume18
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Cardiac rhythm management device (CRM)
  • Heart failure
  • Lead extraction
  • Tricuspid regurgitation (TR)

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