Triage and air evacuation strategy for mass casualty events: A model based on combat experience

Yuval Ran*, Eran Hadad, Saleh Daher, Ori Ganor, Yana Yegorov, Udi Katzenell, Nachman Ash, Gil Hirschhorn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Management of combat casualties should optimize outcomes by appropriate patient triage, prehospital care, and rapid transport to the most capable medical facility, while avoiding overwhelming individual facilities. Methods: Planning the medical support for the campaign was done by the medical department of the IDF Southern command in cohort with the medical department of the Homefront command. Data collection and analysis were done by the Trauma Branch of the Medical corp. Results: 339 soldiers were injured, among them were 10 fatalities. Five hospitals received casualties, although the 2 regional hospitals received 84% of the primary evacuation load. The majority of urgently injured soldiers (90%) were evacuated by air, as opposed to 59% of non-urgently injured soldiers. Conclusions: In a cross border setting, airlifting the urgent casualties to farther away level I trauma centers provides appropriate care for them, while not crossing the "surge capacity" line for the near-by medical centers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-651
Number of pages5
JournalMilitary Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2011


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