Trends in femoroacetabular impingement research over 11 years

Barak Haviv, Alon Burg, Steven Velkes, Moshe Salai, Israel Dudkiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Femoroacetabular impingement is the abutment between the proximal femur and the rim of the acetabulum. It is a common cause of labral injury that has been identified as an early cause of hip osteoarthritis. The diagnosis of femoroacetabular impingement of the hip is currently well defined in orthopedic surgery but should attract the attention of physicians in other disciplines. Conversely, much less is known about the etiology and natural history of femoroacetabular impingement. The goal of this study was to assess the number of articles published on femoroacetabular impingement over 11 years in orthopedic vs nonorthopedic medical journals, and to evaluate the quality of available evidence. PubMed and OvidSP databases were searched for articles on femoroacetabular impingement published from 1999 to 2009. Articles were characterized by publication type and journal type per year. Regression analysis was used to determine the effect of publication year on number of publications of each type. The search yielded 206 publications on femoroacetabular impingement during the evaluation period. Seventy-two percent were published in orthopedic journals. Overall, the number of publications increased exponentially with time. There was an increase in clinical trials over the course of the study period. However, studies with high-quality evidence were scarce. The increase in data from orthopedic and nonorthopedic disciplines is welcome. Nevertheless, high-quality evidence on femoroacetabular impingement is lacking. We believe the current trend toward evidence-based orthopedic surgery will impact future research on this relatively new disorder.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOrthopedics
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011
Externally publishedYes

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