Treatment of severe valvular aortic stenosis and subvalvular discrete subaortic stenosis and septal hypertrophy with percutaneous corevalve aortic valve implantation

Ariel Finkelstein, Gad Keren, Shmuel Banai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Percutaneous Aortic Valve Implantation (PAVI) is a procedure gaining popularity and becoming more widely used for the treatment of patients with severe aortic stenosis who are at high risk for surgery. Here we show, for the first time, that a successful and complete elimination of both valvular and subvalvular pressure gradients can be achieved with a slight modification of the valve implantation technique. Methods and Results: A 91-year-old woman presented with shortness of breath at rest, effort angina, and pulmonary congestion. Echocardiography revealed calcified aortic stenosis with a peak gradient of 75 mm Hg accros the valve, and discrete subaortic stenosis (DSS) and marked hypertrophy of the basal septum with systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve (SAM). The intra ventricular gradient had a dynamic pattern across the DSS and the septal hypertrophy and measured 75 mm Hg. The total gradient across the left ventricular outflow (valvular and subvalvular) was 125 mmHg. PAVI with a 23 mm Core-Valve was performed with an intentional lower positioning of the valve towards the LV outflow tract; so that the valve struts cover the subaortic membrane and part of the thickened basal septum. At the end of the procedure, the SAM disappeared, and the left ventricular ouflow was widely open. At 1 month follow up the patient was asymptomatic, no pressure gradient was measured between the LV apex and the aorta. Conclusions: This is the first report of successful treatment of severe valvular aortic stenosis and combined subvalvular aortic stenosis due to DSS and septal hypertrophy with SAM with percutaneous aortic valve implantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-803
Number of pages3
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume75
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Implantation
  • Percutaneous aortic valve
  • Subaortic stenosis
  • VALV-valvular heart disease

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