Treatment of premature labor contractions with combined ritodrine and indomethacine

Z. Katz, M. Lancet, M. Yemini, B. M. Mogilner, A. Feigl, H. Ben.Hur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The results of combined ritodrine and indomethacine treatment (RI) in premature labor contractions were compared with ritodrine alone (R). One hundred and twenty patients with threatened premature labor in weeks 26-34 were studied. Sixty RI women received 100 mg ritodrine in infusion followed by 60 mg daily orally until 35 weeks and indomethacine 200 mg on the first day of treatment only. The R group included 60 women with identical tocolysis indices, age of pregnancy and anamnestic parameters who received ritodrine only. The mean prolongation index (PI) was 18.2 in the RI group, against 11.5 in the R patients (P < 0.05). The mean prolongation of pregnancy was 5.6 weeks in the first and 3.6 in the control group (P < 0.05). Birthweight and Apgar scores were similar in the two groups. In order to examine the possible early closure of the ductus arteriosus due to the indomethacin therapy, echocardiograms were done on all newborn in the RI group: the pre-ejection period and right ventricular ejection time ratio was 0.19-0.26 after delivery and 0.17-0.22 1 month later, which excludes pulmonary diastolic hypertension due to premature closure of the duct. The combined RI treatment is more effective that R alone and does not give rise to any complications in the mother or the fetus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-342
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1983
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Birthweight and apgar scores
  • Comparison of two modes of treatment
  • Influence of drugs on uterine muscle contractions
  • Infusion
  • Maternal or fetal complications
  • Premature labor contractions
  • Prematurity
  • Ritodrine and indomethacine treatment

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