Treatment of persistent post-concussion syndrome due to mild traumatic brain injury: current status and future directions

Amir Hadanny, Shai Efrati*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Persistent post-concussion syndrome caused by mild traumatic brain injury has become a major cause of morbidity and poor quality of life. Unlike the acute care of concussion, there is no consensus for treatment of chronic symptoms. Moreover, most of the pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments have failed to demonstrate significant efficacy on both the clinical symptoms as well as the pathophysiologic cascade responsible for the permanent brain injury. This article reviews the pathophysiology of PCS, the diagnostic tools and criteria, the current available treatments including pharmacotherapy and different cognitive rehabilitation programs, and promising new treatment directions. A most promising new direction is the use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy, which targets the basic pathological processes responsible for post-concussion symptoms; it is discussed here in depth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)875-887
Number of pages13
JournalExpert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Aug 2016

Keywords

  • HBOT
  • Post-concussion
  • blast
  • concussion
  • diagnosis
  • hyperbaric oxygen
  • mTBI
  • pathophysiology
  • post-traumatic
  • traumatic brain injury
  • treatment

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