Treatment of pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus with mycophenolate mofetil

Daniel Mimouni, Grant J. Anhalt, Deborah L. Cummins, David J. Kouba, Jennifer E. Thorne, H. Carlos Nousari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Mycophenolate mofetil is increasingly being used as a corticosteroid-sparing agent in immunosuppressive regimens. Objective: To elucidate the effectiveness of mycophenolate as adjuvant therapy in the treatment of both pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus. Design: Historical prospective study. Setting: University hospital. Patients: The study included 42 consecutive patients with pemphigus (31 with pemphigus vulgaris and 11 with pemphigus foliaceus) who had relapses during prednisone taper or had clinically significant adverse effects from previous drug therapy. Results: Remission was achieved in 22 (71%) and 5 (45%) of patients with pemphgus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus, respectively. Partial remission was achieved in 1 (3%) and 4 (36%), respectively. The median time to achieve complete remission was 9 months (range, 1-13 months). The treatment was administered for a median of 22 months, and the median follow-up period was 22 months. Seventyseven percent of patients had no adverse effect. Two patients had side effects severe enough to necessitate discontinuation of treatment, one because of symptomatic but reversible neutropenia and the other because of nausea. Conclusion: Mycophenolate is an effective and safe adjuvant in the treatment of both pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739-742
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Dermatology
Volume139
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2003

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