We assessed the impact of regenerative endodontic procedures (REP) using a platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) scaffold on necrotic immature permanent anterior and posterior teeth based on the following parameters: periapical healing, changes in root development, and associations between increases in the radiographic root area (RRA), and degree of root to apical closure. The study included 50 teeth consisting of 57 roots (36 anterior and 21 posterior) treated between 2017 and 2019, with an average follow-up of two years. Complete periapical healing was achieved in 91.2% teeth, and uncertain healing was achieved in 8.8%. RRA increased in 95% of teeth and root lengthening was achieved in 86% teeth (without any mutual effect). Apical closure was significantly associated with tooth location (89% and 30% of the posterior and anterior roots, respectively). Trauma was the most common aetiology of necrotic anterior teeth, whereas caries was the only aetiology of necrotic posterior teeth. REP using PRF scaffold achieved a high success rate for periapical healing and root maturation in both anterior and posterior necrotic immature teeth. The favourable results obtained in posterior teeth may encourage the use of REP for treating necrotic immature permanent posterior teeth.
- necrotic immature anterior teeth
- necrotic immature posterior teeth
- platelet-rich fibrin scaffold
- regenerative endodontic procedures