Treatment of immune cell-mediated liver damage by nonpeptidic mimetics of the extracellular matrix-associated Arg-Gly-Asp epitope

Rami Hershkoviz, Ofer Lider*, Rafael Bruck, Husseim Aeed, Noam Greenspoon, Zamir Halpern

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The etiology of T-cell-mediated liver injury involves the migration of immune cells, notably CD4+ T lymphocytes, into their tissues. This process is mediated primarily by integrin-recognition of the sub-endothelium basement membranes and the extracellular matrix. The Arg-Gly-Asp-containing peptide, a major cell-adhesive ligand of extracellular matrix, is present in various plasma- and matrix-glycoproteins, such as fibronectin. Recently, we have described the design and usage of nonpeptide mimetics and Arg-Gly-Asp which bind specifically to integrins, and thereby, inhibit T cell immunity in vivo. We examined the efficacy of Arg-Gly-Asp-mimetics as potential therapeutic compounds for the treatment of experimental T-cell-mediated liver injury induced in mice by injection of Concanavalin-A. We now report that the Arg-Gly-Asp-mimetics specifically inhibited the binding of murine T cells to fibronectin, but did not affect the proliferative response of the cells in vitro. Intraperitoneal or oral administration of the Arg-Gly-Asp-mimetics but not the Arg-Gly-Asp-containing peptide, inhibited liver damage in mice if given before their inoculation with Con-A, as manifested by a lesser elevation in their serum levels of hepatic enzymes. The inhibitory effect of the Arg-Gly-Asp-mimetics was dose-dependent, the ED50 of the tested molecules being in the range of 100 μg per mouse and reaching maximal effect, e.g. ∼95% inhibition, at 500 μg per mice. Thus, the Arg-Gly-Asp-mimetics described here may be used therapeutically to prevent immune-cell-mediated acute or chronic pathological reactions in the liver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-164
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hepatology
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Arg-Gly-Asp
  • Inflammation
  • Integrins

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