Treatment of horizontal canal BPPV: Pathophysiology, available maneuvers, and recommended treatment

Yahav Oron*, Smadar Cohen-Atsmoni, Assaf Len, Yehudah Roth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis To describe the pathophysiology of horizontal canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, the available maneuvers for its management, and the recommended treatment. Data Sources PubMed, Cochrane library. Review Methods Review of the available literature. Results Two theories of pathophysiology underlying the disease are described, along with available maneuvers reflecting those theories; and videos of the maneuvers are provided. A comparison of available treatments is made. Conclusion A variety of maneuvers is available related to the pathophysiology underlying the disease. The treatment chosen should be appropriate to the patients' ages, general conditions, and other diseases they may have. No treatment was found to be superior over the others regarding the success rate. In the case of geotropic nystagmus, the Gufoni maneuver is superior in its ease of performance. When it comes to apogeotropic nystagmus, the Barbecue and Gufoni maneuvers have comparable success rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1959-1964
Number of pages6
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume125
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Vertigo
  • pathophysiology
  • treatment

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