Treatment of Aortic, Mitral and Tricuspid Structural Bioprosthetic Valve Deterioration Using the Valve-in-Valve Technique

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BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The percutaneous approach for a failed bioprosthetic valve is an emerging alternative to redo-valve surgery in patients at high surgical risk. The study aim was to describe the treatment of patients with structural bioprosthetic valve deterioration, using the valve-in-valve technique.

METHODS: A total of 33 consecutive patients with symptomatic structural bioprosthetic valve deterioration was treated at the authors' institution, using the valve-in-valve technique.

RESULTS: The valve-in-valve procedure in the aortic position was performed in 23 patients (mean age 81.4 ± 5.9 years; mean STS score 9.6 ± 5.4). The self-expandable and balloon-expandable devices were used in 21 cases (91.3%) and two cases (8.7%), respectively. Procedures were performed via the trans-femoral, trans-axillary and trans-apical routes in 18 (78.2%), three (13%) and two (8.7%) cases, respectively. After the procedure, all patients were in NYHA class I/II. Survival rates were 95.6% at the one-year follow up. The valve-in-valve procedure in the mitral position was performed in 10 patients (mean age 73.6 ± 15 years; mean STS score 7.7 ± 4.1). All procedures were performed using the balloon-expandable device via the trans-apical route. The composite end point of device success was achieved in all patients. Survival rates were 100% and 75% at one month and two years' follow up, respectively. A single valve-in-valve implantation within a failed tricuspid bioprosthetic valve was also successfully performed.

CONCLUSION: In the authors' experience, the valve-in-valve technique for the treatment of a wide range of bioprosthetic valve deterioration modes of failure in different valve positions is safe and very effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-352
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Heart Valve Disease
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 May 2015


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