This study aims to assess a novel minimally invasive surgical technique that addresses hallux valgus accompanied by metatarsus adductus. We retrospectively analysed the results of 20 patients (21 feet) that underwent a newly developed percutaneous osteotomy procedure of the lesser metatarsal bones in order to correct hallux valgus deformities accompanied by metatarsus adductus. We used x-ray studies in order to evaluate changes in the hallux valgus angle, the first intermetatarsal angle, and the metatarsal angle (using the modified Sgarlato method). We also compared the pre- and postoperative American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society scores when available. The paired sample t test was used to compare variables. At a 1-y follow-up the mean hallux valgus angle, inter-metatarsal angle and the metatarsal angle have been reduced by 31.62 (-3 to 9), 3.86 (11-52) and 14.69 (4-36) respectively (p < .001 for all). The mean American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society score (n = 15 feet available) has been improved by a mean of 44.53 (22-72, p < .001). In addition, the patient satisfaction rates were high. Patients suffered from mild to moderate midfoot pain during the first few weeks following surgery, which resolved when union occurred. No cases of lesser metatarsal nonunion have been documented. The presented minimally invasive method can be used effectively to correct hallux valgus that is associated with metatarsus adductus. Proximal minimally invasive metatarsal osteotomy can effectively correct hallux valgus accompanied by metatarsus adductus.
- hallux valgus
- metatarsus adductus
- minimal invasive surgery, proximal metatarsal osteotomy