Introduction: Traumatic Ulcerative Granuloma with Stromal Eosinophilia (TUGSE) is a rare oral ulcerated lesion of uncertain etiology, showing eosinophil-rich granulation tissue, with occasional large atypical CD30 positive mononuclear cells. It had been suggested that it may represent an oral counterpart of cutaneous lymphomatoid papulosis, with a potential to evolve into CD30 + T cell lymphoma Objectives: To compare TUGSE and non-specific oral ulcers (NSU) clinically, histopathologically and by clonality analysis for T-cell receptor re-arrangement, aiming to determine whether TGUSE with atypical cells is a lymphomatous premalignant condition, and whether therapeutic approach should be radical or conservative. Materials and methods: Retrospective archival analysis included 17 TUGSE and 8 NSU cases. Histopathological parameters included mean eosinophil number per high power field (HPF), presence of infiltration of deep soft tissues and presence of atypical cells. Immuno-morphometry comprised of the mean number of CD30+ atypical cells per HPF. T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangement by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed in all cases showing atypical cells. Clinical and follow up data were retrieved from files. Results: TUGSE showed a significantly higher mean eosinophil number/HPF in comparison to NSU (7.0 + 4.2 cells and 2.3 + 1.72, respectively; p < 0.001). Atypical cells were found in 9 (53%) cases of TUGSE and in only 1 (11%) case of NSU. CD30+ atypical cells were found in 7 (41%) cases of TUGSE and only in 1 (11%) case of NSU. Mean number of CD30+ cells/HPF was 0.23 + 0.19 (range 0 – 0.54 cells/HPF) for TUGSE. In the only NSU case with CD30+ cells, their density was 0.52/HPF. All lesions with atypical cells were polyclonal for TCR. All cases were self-limiting, with no recurrences, after 3–9 years (mean 4.6 years) follow up. Conclusions: Analysis found no support to the suggestion that TUGSE with atypical cells represents the oral counterpart of lymphomatoid papulosis or predisposes the lesions for a hematolymphoid malignancy. Suggestions for radical therapeutic approach and long-term follow-up are probably unjustified, with no recurrences or malignancy recorded following conservative treatment alone for a period of up to 9 years of follow-up. Staining for CD30 and PCR for TCR gene rearrangement should be reserved only for rare cases with abundant large atypical cells and/or unusual clinical behavior.
- Ulcerative granuloma