Trastorno de estrés postraumático complejo (TEPTC) después del cautiverio: Un estudio longitudinal de 24 años

Translated title of the contribution: Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) following captivity: a 24-year longitudinal study

Gadi Zerach, Mark Shevlin, Marylene Cloitre, Zahava Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The World Health Organization(WHO) International Classification of Diseases, 11th version (ICD-11), has proposed a new trauma-related diagnosis of complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD), separate and distinct from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, to date, no study has examined CPTSD over time. Objectives: This prospective study aimed to examine predictors and outcomes of latent classes of PTSD and CPTSD following war captivity. Method: A sample of 183 Israeli former prisoners of the 1973 Yom Kippur War (ex-POWs) participated in a 24-year longitudinal study with three waves of measurements (T1: 1991, T2: 2008, and T3: 2015). Participants completed validated self-report measures, and their cognitive performance was assessed using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Results: A Latent Class Analysis (LCA) identified three main classes at T2: (1) a small class with low probability to meet PTSD and CPTSD clusters criteria (15.26%); (2) a class high only in PTSD symptoms (42.37%) and (3) a class high only in CPTSD symptoms (42.37%). Importantly, higher levels of psychological suffering in captivity at T1 were associated with higher odds of being in the CPTSD class at T2. In addition, CPTSD at T2 was more strongly associated with low self-rated health, functional impairment, and cognitive performance at T3, compared to the PTSD only class. Conclusions: Adulthood prolonged trauma of severe interpersonal intensity such as war captivity is related to CPTSD, years after the end of the war. Exposure to psychological suffering in captivity is a risk factor for future endorsement of CPTSD symptoms. CPTSD among ex-POWs is a marker for future dire mental health and functional consequences.

Translated title of the contributionComplex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) following captivity: a 24-year longitudinal study
Original languageSpanish
Article number1616488
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Complex PTSD
  • ICD-11
  • PTSD
  • ex-POWs
  • prolonged trauma
  • war


Dive into the research topics of 'Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) following captivity: a 24-year longitudinal study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this