Trapping Bragg solitons by a pair of defects

Peter Y.P. Chen*, Boris A. Malomed, Pak L. Chu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We study collisions of moving solitons in a fiber Bragg grating with a structure composed of two local defects of the grating, attractive or repulsive. Results are summarized in the form of diagrams showing the share of the trapped energy as a function of the solitonâs velocity and defectsâ strength. The moving soliton can be trapped by a cavity bounded by repulsive defects; a well-defined region of the most efficient trapping is identified. The trapped soliton performs persistent oscillations in the cavity, with the frequency in the GHz range. For attractive defects, essential differences are found from the earlier studied case of the collision of a soliton with a single defect: in this case, too, there appears a well-defined region of the most efficient trapping, and the largest velocity, up to which the soliton can be captured, increases. The findings may be significant for experiments aimed at the creation of a "standing-lighta" pulses in the fiber gratings and for related applications. Collisions between identical solitons moving across the two-defect structure are also studied. On the attractive set, soliton-soliton collisions may give rise to symmetric capture of the solitons by both defects or merger into a single pulse trapped at one defect.

Original languageEnglish
Article number066601
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2005


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