Transmission disequilibrium and haplotype analyses of the G72/G30 locus: Suggestive linkage to schizophrenia in Palestinian Arabs living in the North of Israel

M. Korostishevsky, I. Kremer, M. Kaganovich, A. Cholostoy, I. Murad, M. Muhaheed, I. Bannoura, M. Rietschel, M. Dobrusin, U. Bening-Abu-Shach, R. H. Belmaker, W. Maier, R. P. Ebstein, Ruth Navon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Association of the G72/G30 locus with schizophrenia was recently reported in French Canadian, Russian, and Ashkenazi populations using case-control studies. In the present study we hypothesize the existence of a G72/G30 risk allele over-transmitted to affected sibs in Palestinian Arab families. A total of 223 Palestinian Arab families that included an affected offspring and parents were genotyped with 11 SNPs encompassing the G72/G30 genes. The families were recruited from three regions of Israel: 56 from the North (Afula), 136 from the central hill region (Bethlehem, Palestinian Authority), and 31 from the South (Beersheva). Individual SNP analyses disclosed a risk allele in SNP rs3916970 by both haplotype relative risk (HRR: χ2 = 5.59, P = 0.018) and transmission disequilibrium test (TDT: χ2 = 6.03, P = 0.014) in the Afula families. Follow-up multi-locus analysis using family-based association tests (FBAT: z = 2.197, P = 0.028) exposed the adjacent haplotype. SNP rs3916970 is located about 8 kb from the linkage disequilibrium block that was reported to be associated with schizophrenia in Ashkenazi Jews. Excess of similar haplotypes of this region was observed in the Palestinian Arabs and the Ashkenazi patients. These data suggest a common risk factor for schizophrenia susceptibility in the G72/G30 locus among Ashkenazi Jews and Palestinian Arabs. The results strengthen previous reports on the role of this locus in the etiology of schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-95
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Volume141 B
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Jan 2006

Keywords

  • 13q32 region
  • Family trios
  • Founder effect
  • Major psychosis
  • Multi-SNP statistics

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