Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery Combined with Laparoscopic Colectomy for Synchronous Colorectal Tumors: A Word of Caution

Nida Issa*, Yaniv Fenig, Muhammad Khatib, Mustafa Yasin, Eldad Powsner, Wisam Khoury

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The incidence of malignant synchronous colorectal tumors (SCRT) is between 2% and 5%, and the association of synchronous adenomatous polyps in colon cancer has been reported to be 15%-50%. Surgical resection is the primary treatment option for SCRT not amendable to endoscopic resection. Lesions in adjacent segments are usually treated with more extensive resection; however, there is still some controversy on how to best treat synchronous lesions in separate segments, especially when the rectum is involved. In this study, we aimed to report the outcome of patients with SCRT treated by laparoscopic colectomy combined with Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery. Methods: Data pertaining patients undergoing combined colectomy and Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery (TEM) between 2004 and 2014 were retrospectively collected. Results: 141 TEM performed in the study period, 9 (6.5%) with combined laparoscopic colectomy were included. Mean age was 69.1 ± 10.6 years. There were 6 (66%) right, 2 (22%) left, and one (11%) sigmoid colectomy. All rectal lesions were benign adenomas, with mean tumor size 2.5 cm, and distance from the verge 9 ± 2.5 cm. Lesions were located in lateral rectal wall in 4, posterior in 4, and anterior in one case. Seven patients had the colectomy before TEM, and 2 had the TEM first. Mean operative time was 245 minutes (range 185-313) for the combined procedures. Median time of hospitalization was 6 days (range 4-11). Six patients (66%) had prolonged postoperative diarrhea. The final rectal pathology reports were adenoma with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) in 5 patients and adenoma with low-grade dysplasia in four cases. The colon pathology was T1 N0 in 3, T2 N0 in one, T3 N1 in one, adenoma with HGD in 2, and no residual tumor in 2 patients. Two patients underwent re-TEM for recurrent adenoma of rectum at 14 and 18 months postoperatively. Conclusion: The combination of TEM with laparoscopic colectomy is feasible and should be kept in mind as an alternative procedure in case of SCRT. However, more strict selection criteria should be considered and the disadvantages should be discussed with the patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-610
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques - Part A
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2017


  • Transanal endoscopic microsurgery
  • laparoscopic colectomy
  • synchronous colorectal tumors


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