Trabecular metal™ cups for acetabular defects with 50% or less host bone contact

Dror Lakstein, David Backstein, Oleg Safir, Yona Kosashvili, Allan E. Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Acetabular component revision in the context of large contained bone defects with less than 50% host bone contact traditionally have been treated with roof reinforcement or antiprotrusio cages. Trabecular Metal™ cups (Zimmer, Inc, Warsaw, IN) may offer a reasonable treatment alternative. We evaluated the clinical and radiographic outcome of this mode of treatment. We prospectively followed 53 hip revision acetabular arthroplasty procedures performed with Trabecular Metal™ cups for contained defects with 50% or less contact with native bone. All patients were clinically and radiographically evaluated for evidence of loosening or failure. Minimum followup was 24 months (average, 45 months; range, 24-71 months). Contact with host bone ranged from 0% to 50% (average, 19%). The mean postoperative Merle d'Aubigne-Postel score was 10.6 (range, 1-12), with a mean improvement of 5.2 (range, -4-10) compared to the preoperative score. Two failed cups (4%) were revised. Two additional cups (4%) had radiographic evidence of probable loosening. Complications included four dislocations and one sciatic nerve palsy. The data suggest treatment of cavitary defects with less than 50% host bone contact using Trabecular Metal™ cups, without structural support by augments or structural bone grafts, is a reasonable option. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2318-2324
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
Volume467
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

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