Toward implementation of the Saint Vincent declaration: Outcomes of women with pregestational diabetes

Rakefet Yoeli-Ullman, Nimrod Dori-Dayan*, Shali Mazaki-Tovi, Roni Zemet, Neomi Kedar, Ohad Cohen, Tali Cukierman-Yaffe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Pregestational diabetes mellitus (PGDM) carries a significantly elevated risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. There is evidence that certain interventions reduce the risk for adverse outcomes. Studies have shown that a multi-disciplinary approach improves pregnancy outcomes in women with PGDM. Objectives: To determine pregnancy outcomes in women with PGDM using a multi-disciplinary approach. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive women with pregestational type 1 and type 2 diabetes who were monitored at a high-risk pregnancy clinic at the Sheba Medical Center. Clinical data were obtained from the medical records. All data related to maternal glucose control and insulin pump function were prospectively recorded on Medtronic CareLink® pro software (Medtronic MiniMed, Northridge, CA). Results: This study comprised 121 neonates from 116 pregnancies of 94 women. In 83% of the pregnancies continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) sensors were applied during a part or all of the pregnancy. Pregnancy outcomes among women who were followed by a multi-disciplinary team before and during pregnancy, and during labor and puerperium resulted in better glucose control (hemoglobin A1c 6.4% vs. 7.8%), lower risk for pregnancy induced hypertension/ preeclampsia (7.7% vs. 15.6%), lower birth weight (3212 grams vs. 3684 grams), and lower rate of large size for gestational age and macrosomia (23.1% vs. 54.2% and 3.3% vs. 28.4%, respectively), compared to data from European cohorts. Conclusions: The multi-disciplinary approach for treating women with PGDM practiced in the high-risk pregnancy clinic at the Sheba Medical Center resulted in lower rates of macrosomia, LGA, and pregnancy induced hypertension compared to rates reported in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-141
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume22
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Large for gestational age (LGA)
  • Multidisciplinary approach
  • Pregestational diabetes mellitus (PGDM)
  • Pregnancy complications
  • Type 1 diabetes

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