"Toward a Rational Theory of Progress"

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Abstract

Proposes to answer positively the following question: given (1) that truth cannot be considered an achievable scientific goal, & (2) I. Lakatos's failure to ground scientific rationality on the scientific method, is it possible to elucidate the notions of rationality & progress without conceding to relativism? A general & transcontextual theory of rationality is presented, grounded on the erotetic logic of problem seeking, & solving, & its historiographical implications are traced. Following the lead of R. G. Collingwood & Karl Popper, the self-correcting process of prudent & contrived troubleshooting is elucidated in terms of an account of problems & problem solving developed in terms of the general notion of a goal-directed system. 38 References. AA
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-304
Number of pages28
JournalSynthese
Volume99
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

Keywords

  • Evolutionary epistemology
  • Rationality
  • Rational reconstruction
  • Philosophy of science
  • History of science
  • Household appliances
  • Rational choice theory
  • Reason
  • Truth
  • Judgment
  • Arts & Humanities
  • Philosophy
  • History & Philosophy Of Science
  • 20th century
  • Historical studies (History of philosophy. History of ideas)
  • Epistemology. Philosophy of science. Theory of knowledge

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