Total parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis after selective damage to acinar zone 3 hepatocytes by bromobenzene in the rat

Raanan Shamir, Ilan Zahavi, Zvi Bar-Sever, Bruria Heckelman, Hedva Marcus, Gabriel Dinari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Total parenteral nutrition is known to cause cholestasis, but the hepatic site of this effect has not been determined. The purpose of our study was to observe the effect of TPN on bile flow and bile salt secretion rate in rats after selective damage to acinar zone 3. Bromobenzene, 3.8 mmol/kg, was injected i.p., and the animals were studied 48 hours later. Experimental groups received either parenteral nutrition or saline for 2 hours. Bromobenzene caused selective damage to acinar zone 3 hepatocytes, and reduced baseline bile flow (23.99±1.09 vs 37.2±1.66, mean±SEM, μl/min/kg, p<0.001). Bromobenzene had no effect on bile salt secretion rate. Total parenteral nutrition decreased bile flow in the bromobenzene treated groups, despite the selective hepatic damage to acinar zone 3 (20.54±1.07 vs 23.28±1.63, mean±SEM, p <0.001). Total parenteral nutrition reduced bile salt secretion rate in healthy animals, but this reduction was not seen in bromobenzene treated rats. Our results suggest that bile flow reduction in response to total parenteral nutrition is mediated through an effect on acinar zones 1 and 2, as this reduction is still observed after zone 3 destruction by bromobenzene. Zone 3 hepatocytes may be involved in the effect of parenteral nutrition on bile salt secretion, as the reduction in secretion rate seen in healthy animals was not observed in bromobenzene treated rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-376
Number of pages6
JournalLife Sciences
Volume52
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

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