Total hip replacement in familial mediterranean fever

M. Salai*, P. Langevitz, A. Blankstein, D. Zemmer, A. Chechick, M. Pras, H. Horoszowski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary disorder affecting people of Mediterranean stock, mainly Sephardic Jews and Armenians. It is characterized by attacks of arthritis, either short, self-limited episodes typically lasting 72 hours or protracted attacks lasting from two weeks to one year. The latter form affects mainly the large joints of the lower limb. The hip joint is the most vulnerable and likely to be affected by the protracted attacks, which may result in destruction of the articular cartilage and, in some cases, aseptic necrosis of the femoral head. Eighteen FMF patients (19-52 years) underwent 22 total hip replacements between 1971 and 1985 at our hospital. Six of the 18 initial prostheses experienced aseptic loosening. This relatively high incidence led us to recommend implantation of cementless hip prostheses following meticulous synovectomy as the treatment of choice. The results of these surgeries and the uniqueness of total hip replacement in FMF patients are presented here and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-28
Number of pages4
JournalBulletin of the Hospital for Joint Disease (2013)
Volume53
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1993
Externally publishedYes

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