Total cavopulmonary connection for complicated congenital heart malformations

E. Snir, E. Raanani, E. Birk, B. Zeevi, M. Berant, B. A. Vidne

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3 Scopus citations


We reviewed our experience with 40 patients who had undergone total cavopulmonary connection during the past 3 years. Thirty-one patients had functional single ventricle, only 8 with tricuspid atresia; five had complex forms of double outlet Tight ventricle, and 4 complex A-V canal. Previous palliative procedures, mostly systemic-pulmonic shunts, were performed in 34 patients. Concomitant procedures, mainly reconstruction of distorted pulmonary arteries, were required in 18 patients. A subgroup of 14 high risk patients, who did not fulfil the classical Fontan criteria, underwent 4 mm fenestration of the intraatrial baffle. There were 3 (7.5%) early post-operative deaths that occurred in the higher risk group (fenestrated group). However, the remaining patients were all in functional class I or II. Total cavopulmonary connection provides reasonably good definitive palliation for patients with single ventricle physiology. Fenestration of the intraatrial baffle increases the number of candidates suitable for the Fontan procedure, although the exact inclusion criteria for these patients has yet to be defined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)642-645
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1994


  • Fontan procedure
  • Pediatrics
  • Single ventricle
  • Total cavopulmonary connection
  • Tricuspid atresia


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